Teach Like a Champion Ch 9: Challenging students to think critically

- Questioning can serve at least five purposes:
- To guide students towards understanding new material
- To push students to do a greater share of the thinking
- To remediate an error
- To stretch students
- To check for understanding
- Rules of thumb for designing effective questions:
- One at a time
- Simple to complex
- Verbatim (don’t bait and switch): don’t change the question as a student is about to answer.
- Clear and concise:
- start with a question word
- limit them to two clauses
- write them in advance when they matter
- ask an actual question
- assume the answer is known i.e. ‘who can tell me’ not ‘can anyone tell me…?’

- Stock questions: have similar sequences of questions that you apply over and over again in different settings.
- Hit rate: should be above two-thirds but rarely 100%